Thomas Merton and spiritual direction

Thomas Merton and spiritual direction

“The only trouble is that in the spiritual life there are no tricks and no shortcuts. Those who imagine that they can discover spiritual gimmicks and put them to work for themselves usually ignore God’s will and his grace.”

Thomas Merton, Contemplative Prayers

Thomas Merton’s concise book, Spiritual Direction and Meditation, is excellent for someone to read who wants to know what spiritual direction is all about and is recommended to spiritual friends before meeting about direction for the first time. It should also be a frequent reread for those giving spiritual direction.  Merton reminds us that spiritual direction is not psychotherapy, and that directors should not become amateur therapist. He recommends that directors not concern themselves with unconscious drives and emotional problems. They should refer.

Merton’s sections on meditations are classic,  straight forward, and practical. He uses the story of the Prodigal Son to serve as a model for meditation, as the son “entered into himself”, meditated on his condition starving in a distant land, far from his father. Merton suggests the Incarnation, the birth of God into human form, as a meditation where we relate to the birth events within our own spiritual life.  Merton emphasizes the importance of holy leisure, believing that meditation should not be work, remembering that it will take time. He reminds us of promising artists who have been ruined by a premature success, which drove them to overwork in order to renew again and again the image of themselves created in the public mind. An artist who is wise thinks more than he paints and a poet who respects his art burns more than he publishes. So, in the interior life we must allow intervals of silent transitions in our prayer life.  Merton reminds us of the words of St. Theresa, “God has no need of our works. God has need of our love.” The aim of our prayer life is to awaken the Holy Spirit within us so that the Holy Spirit will speak and pray within us. Merton believes that in contemplative prayer we learn about God by love rather than knowledge and this awaking is brought on not by the actions of ourselves but by the work of the Holy Spirit.  Merton cautions us about what he calls informal or colloquial “comic book spirituality” where Mary becomes Mom and Joseph is Dad and we “just tell them all about ourselves all day long” which flourishes in popular religion literature. This may be a path to God for some, but it was not Merton’s path.